Dating in archaeology
For a non-exhaustive list of relative dating methods and relative dating applications used in geology, paleontology or archaeology, see the following: Same as geologists or paleontologists, archaeologists are also brought to determine the age of ancient materials, but in their case, the areas of their studies are restricted to the history of both ancient and recent humans.
Thus, to be considered as archaeological, the remains, objects or artifacts to be dated must be related to human activity.
As an example Pinnacle Point's caves, in the southern coast of South Africa, provided evidence that marine resources (shellfish) have been regularly exploited by humans as of 170,000 years ago.
On the other hand, remains as recent as a hundred years old can also be the target of archaeological dating methods.
Dating is carried out mainly post excavation, but to support good practice, some preliminary dating work called "spot dating" is usually run in tandem with excavation.
The next Joint Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) and the Society for Classical Studies (SCS) (formerly known as the American Philological Association) will take place in Washington, D. At this time of year, many of you are venturing into the field to participate in excavations.
We encourage everyone to share photos from your digs with the AIA community and the public by mentioning @archaeology_aia on Twitter and Instagram and using the hashtag #AIAinthe Field.
The Institute advances awareness, education, fieldwork, preservation, publication, and research of archaeological sites and cultural heritage throughout the world. When you join the Archaeological Institute of America, you’ll be joining a group of individuals passionate about archaeology, protecting the world’s cultural heritage, and disseminating archaeological research.
Chronometric dating, also known as chronometry or absolute dating, is any archaeological dating method that gives a result in calendar years before the present time.